Patients with MS are susceptible to all the usual causes of headaches; there seems to be no special pattern for those with MS. However, an increased frequency of headaches in people with MS has been noted. The cause of this increased frequency is unknown. The types of headache commonly seen in patients with MS are classic migraine and common migraine/muscle tension, or rarer forms of headache. It is important to discuss in detail the nature of the headache symptoms with your health care professionals in order to identify the type and appropriate treatment for the headaches.
Treatment includes typical over-the-counter medications (based on the needs of the individual). For headaches related to spasticity (cervical muscles can contribute to headache) treatment can include antispasticity medications, massage, heat, or cold. Stress management and biofeedback therapy may also be helpful.